D60 Shastiamsa: Devata
There is two type of principles in Vedic Jyotish, First is basic principles that is an analysis of a Bhava lord in another Bhava, Judging relationship between planets known as Yoga etc, Second is advanced principles such as Dasha, Divisional Charts and Shadbala. Divisional charts are such advanced principle but are very fundamental to Vedic Jyotish without which no analysis can be done.
Varga basically means Division. Division of what? It is Division of a Rashi because 30 degrees of Rashi is divided into many parts to form different Vargas [Divisions]. One such division of Shastiamsa, commonly known as D60. This is one of the most important divisional charts because of two reasons. Firstly because parashara said षष्ठयंशे अखिलमीक्षयेत [षष्ठयंशे-D60, अखिल-Everything क्षयेत- To see] Which literally means see everything from D60. Secondly, because it gets the highest point in Vimshopaka Bala which is comparative say of each divisional chart in a matter when all divisional charts are judged together. D60 gets 4 Vimshopaka Bala whereas D9 gets 3 Vimshopaka Bala, D16 gets two Vimshopaka Bala and D1[Rashi] gets 1.5 Vimshopaka Bala in Sodashavarga Scheme. [Sodashavarga may look like a foreign term, Yes it is. It will be explained in second part of this article]. Here we end up saying that since D60 gets introduced in Dashavarga it gets the prominent position in analysis and for this reason, it is one of the most important divisional charts.
Deities: What is a deity, Deity basically means God, which means Lord when it comes to divisional charts. Because divisional charts are the distribution of the degree of zodiacs into different compartments they are assigned deities to know nature of that compartment. Deities are rooted in Vedic Philosophy and Vedic Literature and their nature indicate nature of that compartment of the divisional chart. Because divisional charts are segments of Rashi nature of such segment decides behaviour effect of planets and other important points in divisional charts. These deities are very basic and very important to divisional charts. It can be said that deities they are the soul of divisional charts. Deities also help us understand nature and functioning of divisional charts. In almost all divisional charts deities are Vedic deities but in D60 deities are mainly names which indicate nature of that division except few deities such as Brahma and Sarpa which are Vedic Deities.
There is two type of divisional charts. One which has deities equal to the division, such as D20 which have 20 different deities and others are like D12 where few deities are repeated to total the number of division such as D12 which have 4 deities which repeat thrice. When repetition is there it means something. Three times repetition means when the deity comes first it indicates creation when it comes again it indicates sustenance and when it appears for last time it indicates destruction. Three times repetitions are done in D9, D12, D40 and D45. In D16 repetition is four times which indicates four aims of human life known as Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. In D24 deities are repeated twice, Two time means first as positive and then as negative in even signs and reverses in odd signs. So we see deities are very important and fundamental to divisional charts, Understanding them properly opens new insights into divisional charts.
घोरस्च राक्षसो देवः कुबेरो यक्षकिन्नरोI
भ्रस्टः कुलघ्नो गरलो वह्नीमाया पुरीषकःII
अपाम्पतिमरुत्वांश्च कालः सर्पामृतेंदुकाःI
देवार्दो कलिनासश्च क्षितीशकमलाकरौI
गुलिको मृत्युकालश्च दावाग्निघोरसंज्ञकःII
यमश्च कंटकसुधाअमृतौ पूर्णनिशाकरःI
विषदग्धकुलान्तश्च मुख्यो वंशक्षयस्थताII
उत्पातकालसौम्याख्याः कोमलः शीतलाभिधःI
करालदंष्टचन्द्रास्यौ प्रवीणः कालपावकःII
दंडभृनिर्मलः सौम्यः क्रूरोअतिशीतलोअमृतःI
पयोधि भ्रमणाख्यो च चन्द्ररेखात्वयुग्मपौII
समे भे व्यत्ययाज्ज्ञयाः षष्ठयंशाश्च प्रकीतिँताःI
षष्ठयंशस्वामीनसत्वोजे तदीशाद व्यत्ययतः समेII
बृहत् पराशर होरा शास्त्र I षोडशवर्गाध्यायःI
For the name of deities of D60 along with degrees they are assigned please refer to be table given below. In the Last line, Parashara says in Even Signs [Sama Signs], The order of deities are reversed [व्यत्यय]. The list given above is for Odd signs only, A careful reading of the above sutras may also mean that In Odd signs calculations as well as deities are direct whereas in Even signs calculation, as well as deities, are reversed. This is an area of research which is still virgin. Shri Vinay Jha is of the opinion that in whatever divisional chart when deities are said to be reversed it also means that calculation/segment of the divisional chart is also to be reversed. For this article, we are taking the traditional method of not touching calculations and only reversing deities. The method of Shri Vinay Jha is worth researching, right now I am not in a position to say anything on this, God willing in future I will write a separate article on this.
|S.No||Remarks||Deity||Degree in Odd Sign||Degree in Even Signs|
The terminology used in Table: In the table given above S.No means Serial Number of Shastiamsa, Remarks means the classification of Shastiamsa as M [Medium], G [Good], B [Bad]. It will be explained in next section under “Nature of Deities”. Deity give name of Deity. I have used eight editions of Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, Two editions of Jataka Parijata and Sarvartha Chintamani and Jataka Tattwam to compare and assimilate deities of Shastiamsa. Based on a big list I have given these names after comparing all the different names given in the books I have referred to. I took the most repeating name to write on this list. Degree in an odd sign and even sign show degrees of these segents. 0.3 means 0 Degree 30 Minutes as terminating point of First Shastiamsa.
Suppose a planet is in 11.37 Pisces. Because it has covered 11.30 it will be seen in 12.00 of Even sign [Pisces – Even Sign]. Thus it will be in 37th Shastiamsa known as Sudha.
Nature of Deities
Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, Jataka Parijata, Jataka Tattwam and Sarvartha Chintamani deals with deities of Shastiamsa. None of them labels them as Malefic or Benefic but Phaladeepika which doesn’t deal with the name of Lord of Shastiamsa tells us that 5. In an odd sign in Krura Shastyamsas or inauspicious l/60th portions are 1st. 2nd, 8th, 9th. 10th, 11th. 12th. 15th, 18th, 30th, 31st. 32nd. 33rd. 34th, 35th, 39th. 40th, 42nd, 43rd, 44th. 48th, 51st. 52nd and 59th. The rest is Saumya or auspicious ones. In the case of an even sign it is necessary, that is, the Shastyamsa portions stated Krura in the odd signs are the Saumya ones in the even signs and vice versa. This is from Translation for Shri G.S. Kapoor.
Pandit Gopesh Kumar Ojha in his translation of Phaladeepika said that in Odd signs 1st, 2nd, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 15th, 16th, 30th, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 34th, 35th, 39th, 40th, 42nd, 43rd, 44th, 48th, 51st, 52nd and 59th Shastiamsa are malefic. In Even signs 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 13th, 14th, 17th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, 36th, 37th, 38th, 41st, 45th, 46th, 47th, 49th, 50th, 53rd, 54th, 55th, 56th, 59th and 60th Shastiamsa are malefic.
Now as we can see from the list above we can see that 24 Shastiamsa are malefic and rest 36 are benefic as per G.S. Kapoor whereas as per Pandit Gopesh Kumar Ojha 24 Shatiamsa are malefic in Odd signs and 34 Shatiamsa are malefic in Even signs.
Based on the commentary of Pandit Gopesh Kumar Ojha I have made the above list. Keeping deities of Shastiamsa in the centre I have termed Bad for those deities who are bad in both Even and Odd signs, Medium for them who are bad in either Even or Odd sign and Good for those who are Benefic in both Even and Odd signs.
However in my humble opinion. There is no hard and fast rule of term deity of Shastiamsa as Good or Bad. Because other’s [refer books which deal with Shastiamsa lords] haven’t classified Shastiamsa as Good or Bad. I am of the opinion that Shastiamsa has to be termed as Bad or Good as per their name and nature with synchronization to the planet which is in those Shastiamsa’s. For example, Gulika Shastiamsa can be bad for every planet but not for Saturn because Saturn is the son of Saturn.
Given below is a list of Shastiamsa Lords, Meaning of their name and their Nature as Good or Bad as per my own understanding.
|4||Good||Kubera||God of Wealth|
|8||Bad||Kulaghna||One who commit lowly deeds with respect to his caste, Like a son of teacher engaged in theft|
|12||Good||Purish||Lord of a place [The place under consideration]|
|13||Good||Apampati||Aap [water] Pati [Lord] God of waters|
|14||Good||Marut||God of Air|
|15||Bad||Kaal||God of Time/God of Death/Destruction|
|21||Good||Heramb||A Name for Ganesha [Obstruction Removing Deity]|
|22||Good||Brahma||Deity of Creation|
|23||Good||Vishnu||Deity of Sustenance|
|24||Bad||Mahesh||Deity of Destruction [Shiva]|
|27||Good||Kalinash||End of Bad things [Kali is the present Yuga, Kali means black/bad]|
|28||Good||Kshitish||Lord of Sky [Indra]|
|29||Good||Kamlakara||Lord of Lotus/Name for Vishnu|
|30||Bad||Gulika||Son of Saturn [ Also takes separately an entity in Jyotish]|
|33||Bad||Davagni||Fire which catches automatically and is terrible|
|35||Bad||Yama||God of Death|
|39||Good||Purnachandra||Full Moon/Giver of Nectar|
|40||Bad||Vishdagdha||Suffering from Poison|
|42||Bad||Vanshakshaya||Lineage is destroyed|
|47||Good||Sheetala||Cold [Gentally Cold]|
|48||Bad||Drinshtakaral||A demon with big teeth/eating something/destruction|
|49||Good||Indumukh||Face like Moon/All these are used as named of Vishnu|
|51||Bad||Kalagni||Kala [Time] Agni [Fire], Negative sense of Death as Fire|
|52||Bad||Dandayudh||Dand [Punishment] Ayudh [Weapon]/Weapon of Punishment|
|58||Bad||Payodhi||Sea/Too much Water/Negative sense|
|60||Bad||Chandrarekha||Chandra [Moon] Rekha [Line]/Line of Moon or Moonshining as a line like Moon of Shulka Tritiya/ Bad in Jyotish|
Advise: Don’t be too quick to judge Good or Bad in Vedic Jyotish as Karma is a complex matter. All Shastiamsa Deities are to be taken as neutral and to be interpreted with respect to the planets and points coming under their division. For example, 5th lord in Kulanash Shastiamsa is Very Bad but Saturn under Gulika Shastiamsa or Rahu/Ketu under Sarpa Shastiamsa cannot be taken as bad. Hence, one needs to use his own mind and intellect before coming to a conclusion in Vedic Jyotish.
In Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, Sage Parashara have given some hints to understand workings on Shastiamsa Deities. Shloka is given in some edition of Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra which helps us understand Shastiamsa Deities/Divisions are being reproduced here.
अथ षष्ठयंश फलम
अध्यापकस्तु वेदानां सेवकः शास्त्रपाठकI
अश्वसादीभसादी च लिपिलेखनतत्परःII
मदुरावन्धको नट्यो देशिको याज्ञिको गुरुःI
दानशीलस्तु तृणको ग्रामणीव्यर्सनाधिपःII
नृत्यगीते च कुशलस्ताम्बूलफलविक्रयीI
वंदी च देशिकः प्राज्ञो धूपकश्चौषधिक्रियःI
कायस्य करणोधक्तो भारको भांडविक्रयीII
कृषिकच्च वाणीग्घातुचर्मकारी च कषॅकःI
शास्त्राधिकारी विज्ञानी पुस्तकोरंजकोवणिकII
वेदवेदांगवेत्ता च शास्त्रज्ञोवंदीपाठकःI
ग्रामनीरधिकारी च गणको दंडकारकःII
शांतकृत्स्वणॅकारी च कृषिकृत्पलविक्रयीII
क्रमाव्युत्क्रमतश्चैव षष्ठिः स्यादंकेषु चII
I am translating this Shloka here along with the serial number where 1 means first Shastiamsa in Odd signs, In even signs the order is reversed which means 60th Shatiamsa is the first one.
- Adhyapakastu Vedanam – Teacher of Veda’s. Eternal wisdom, In modern parlance teacher of advanced subjects such as Chemistry, Engineering.
- Sevaka – Servant, In modern parlance one engaged in Job
- Shastra Pathaka – One who read Shastras, ancient Indian philosophical works dealing with knowledge. It can also mean a teacher of Shastra which includes teaching Astrology, Sanskrit, Dharma etc.
- Ashwasadi – One well versed in riding horses, in modern parlance driver of small vehicles
- Bhasadi – One well versed in riding elephants, in the modern parlance driver of big vehicles such as aeroplanes, helicopters etc
- Lipilekhan Tatpara – One engaged in writing [Books, Blogs, Articles]
- Mandurabandhak – One in charge of a stable [Where horses are kept]. In modern parlance owner of parking lots, godowns, car showrooms etc
- Natya – Dancer
- Deshika – It means one who is engaged in the profession of keeping records and forecasting such as Astrologers, Philosophers, Self Help Leaders, Orators etc
- Yagyik – One who performs Yagya, austerities.
- Guru – Teacher, Preceptor, Master
- Daansheela – One indulged in Charity
- Trinak – Trina means Grass, Roots, Herbs and Trinaka means one dealing with them. In modern parlance, it can mean doctors, healers, beauty parlours etc
- Gramani – Head of a Village, In modern parlance team leaders, guides etc
- Vyasnadhip – One engaged in disaster management or such professions where one is endowed with the power to protect anyone or analyse anyone
- Aaramkarani – One who takes care of gardens or people in horticulture, soil scientists, or those connected with plants in any manner.
- Pushpvikaraytatpara – One engaged in the selling of flowers can also mean designers etc or those selling vegetables.
- Rajkaryarata – One engaged in work of King, nowadays government servants etc
- Senalatapushpvikrayi – [Sena and Latapushpavikaryi are two different things, In my humble opinion it have to be Sena only because Pushpavikrayatatpara also appeared in 17th Shastiamsa] Pushpvikrayatatpara means one engaged in the trade of flowers and vegetables. Sena means people in Army
- Nirtyageetakushal – One well versed in Dance and Music
- Tamboolphalvikrayi – Tamboolphala means Tobacco, one engaged in its professions such as those producing or selling tobacco and other such things such as those dealing with alcohol, drug-dealers etc
- Nissidhvikraykar – Nisiddha [Prohibited] Vikray [Selling] Kar [Engaged in], One engaged in buying and selling of prohibited items
- Gramanamadhikarkrit – One having authority over village such as the head of a village, district magistrate, IPS/IAS etc
- Bandi – In prison/Prisoner
- Deshik – One engaged in fortune telling or prediction based on Data such as Astrologer, Big data analyst, those working in weather department etc
- Pragya – Highly learned
- Dhoopak – Dhoopa means scent and it may mean one dealing with fragrance items such as perfumes, incense sticks or other things such as mosquito coils etc
- Aushadhikriyah – One dealing with medicines
- Kayastha – One making different outlooks, this can include people such as actors etc
- Bharak – One carrying loads such as rickshaw-pullers, truck drivers, coolies etc
- Bhandvikrayi – One selling utensils or can also mean dealing with other steel items
- Krishikriccha – One engaged in farming
- Vanik – One engaged in trading, can also mean businessman
- Dhatukaari – One dealing with Dhatu [Metals], or general physicians who deal with metabolism and functioning of the body can also mean to include gymnasium owners and other such people
- Charmkari – One engaged in work related to leather
- Karshak – Farmer or other physical workers
- Shastradhikari – One having authority over Shastra [Shastra means an expert in any knowledge]
- Vigyani – Scientist, intellectual
- Tejasvi – It literally means lordly, it can mean authoritative people or influential people
- Pustakoranjaka – One dealing with books or writers, authors or any other profession dealing with books such as printing press, bookshop owners etc
- Vanik – Trader
- Vedvedangvetta – One who talks about Veda and Vedanga which means Teacher or people authoritative in any science/learning can also mean scholar, expert and likely people
- Shastragya – One knowing Shastra, Knowledgeable intelligent people
- Vandipathak – One engaged in singing glories of others
- Gramani – Lord/King of village/small institution
- Adhikari – Authoritative person
- Ganika – One engaged in the profession of calculations
- Dandkarak – One giving punishment to others
- Bharak – One carrying loads
- Indhanhaari – One dealing with fuels
- Phalmooladivikrayi – One dealing in fruits, vegetables, roots of plants and herbs
- Shantkrit – One engaged in propagating and establishing peace
- Swarnkari – One working with Gold
- Krishikrit – One engaged in farming
- Palvikaryi – One dealing with meat/flesh
- Yajak – One engaged in doing Yagya and other Vedic rituals
- Adhyapak – Teacher
- Adhyaksha – Head/Leader
- Pratigrahpar – One receiving donations/charity
- Phali – Successful in his profession, one engaged in the stocking of fruits or cold storage, one engaged in giving results after analysis etc.
These are the effects of 30 minutes each in an odd sign for results in even sign reverse the list and then read results. This is just a simple translation of the above Shloka’s given in Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra.
In “Textbook of Scientific Hindu Astrology” Published by “Ranjan Publication” Shri P.S.Shastri has given a list of 60 Shastiamsa deities with their names, Nature and same Shloka’s Interpreted and Translated by Him from Page 160 to 173. I am not reproducing it here because if done so it will create unnecessary repetition and elongation of the article.
These lords are very crucial in understanding effects of divisional charts because Shastiamsa deals with every matter [Shashtyanshe Akhilmikshayet]. Hence, one should watch for all planets and points [Like Lagna, Gulika’s] deity in Shastiamsa which can give us very strong clues to chart interpretation, Some examples will clarify this concept.
June 15, 1988; 12:00:00; Muzaffarpur-Bihar
His lagna is 3.19 Virgo it gives Saumya Shastiamsa whose result is “Krishikrit” Means engaged in farming, not taking literally we interpret it to mean someone engaged in physical work, now to further decide his profession we see Shastiamsa deity of the 10th lord. The 10th house is having Sun and Moon, the 10th lord is Jupiter from Moon and Sun and Mercury from Lagna. Between them, Sun is strongest being endowed with directional strength. Sun is in Rakshasa Shastiamsa whose effect is Sevaka means one providing his services to others. The person is a Pundit who performs puja/Vedic rituals for others. One can see that it is something where he needs to work himself and he works for someone else. Normally people chant mantras for themselves he does it for others. One can see how beautifully, originally and amazingly Shastiamsa lords work.
Author of Article: Shubham Alock
Author of this article is currently under Venus Dasha and Saturn Antardasha Venus is in 28.51 Capricorn and Saturn is in 26.12 Aquarius. Venus is in Deva Shastiamsa and Saturn is in Nirmala Shastiamsa. Deva gives a prediction as “Shastrapathak” which means one engaged in reading Shastra’s. Nirmala Shatiamsa gives a prediction as “Swarnkari” One engaged in making Gold, although I am not related to Gold in any way I am doing researches on Jaimini Astrology which have the potential such as Gold, meaning very genuine, invaluable and precious. Usage of Shastiamsa in Dasha as a very important influence will be dealt with and explained exhaustively in last and third part of this article.
Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansha
Ferbuary 18, 1836; 05:59:06; Kamarpukur-West Bengal
9th lord indicates Dharma, we find his 9th lord Venus in 09.05 Degree Pisces in Vamshakashaya Shastiamsa. Venus 9th lord of Dharma gives a prediction as Vedavedangvit which means an expert in Veda’s, although he was not a scholar like his contemporaries of Brahma Samaj and others he knew all the principles of spirituality and Veda’s. He knew them by his heart and can be considered as an authoritative scholar on Veda’s.
This is the power of Shastiamsa in chart interpretation, Shatiamsa is very crucial no astrologer can afford to miss it. Without its usage, one will never be able to read hidden workings of Karma. In coming two part of this article series I will show other usages of Shastiamsa and some very fundamental principles of Divisional Charts Interpretation.
Shri Ramakrishna Arpanamastu