Strength of Rashi
Caution – only apply next rule or next set of rule when previous one fails to decide stronger
Chapter 2 Pada 3
First Source of Strength
2.3.5 – अथ प्राणः – [अथ – Now प्राणः – living energy] Now I am describing about Prana. [Strength] of Rashi because Jaimini system mainly deals with Rashi’s.
Wikipedia defines Prana as “In Hindu philosophy including yoga, Indian medicine, and martial arts, prana (प्राण, The Sanskrit word for “life force” or “vital principle”) Is all cosmic energy, permeating the Universe on all levels. Prana is often referred to as the “life force” or “life energy”. It also includes energies present in inanimate objects. In literature, prana is sometimes described as originating from the Sun and connecting the elements of the Universe. This life energy has been vividly invoked and described in the ancient Vedas and Upanishads”
From this we are very clear that Prana is the internal and essential strength of anything that decides it’s influence [power] Hence Rashi’s strength will decide it’s influence on our life. For this simple reason this is a very important consideration [Now readers can better understand why we saw stronger between Lagna and It’s sanmukha Rashi to decide Arudha Lagna] In Jaimini Astrology Sanmukha Rashi is as powerful as the Rashi itself and if having more Prana [Now referred as energy/vital energy] it will influence us [whose horoscope it is] in a more pronounced way.
2.3.6 – कारक योगः प्रथमो भानाम – [कारक-Doer] Bhava is condition, Rashi is situation and planets are living beings which makes thing happen [Is what I had learnt in first stage of Jyotish] hence this means “Occupation of a sign by any planet is first strength” [प्रथमो -First] it means first it must be applied and if this does not decides stronger then proceed to apply next rule.
2.3.7 – साम्ये भूयसा – If both signs [we take it like we are comparing two signs but one can also compare more than one sign using the same formula. This is will be explained in end with an example] are occupied by planets then the one with more number of planets is strong.
2.3.8 – ततस्तुन्गादिः – [तुन्ग is a synonym for exalted and आदि means etc] After that [if earlier two aren’t able to decide stronger is what तत् means “after that”] decide stronger by strength of planets by their being in exaltation etc [here one can take Exaltation-Mool Trikona-Own Rashi]
2.3.9 – निसर्गस्ततः – By Natural strength [निसर्ग – Natural] Fixed signs are stronger than Movable signs and Dual signs are stronger than Fixed signs is Natural Strength of Rashi’s. [Movable-Fixed-Dual in ascending order is more powerful]
2.3.10 – तदभावे स्वामिन इत्थं भावः – Judge the same by their lord [being in Exaltation etc]
2.3.11 – अग्रायतोअत्र विशेषात – If they are equally strong [after using previous rule] then what their Chara Karakattwa. It will decide strength. That means Darakaraka-Gnatikaraka-Putrakaraka-Pitrukaraka-Matrukaraka-Bhratrukaraka-Amatyakaraka-Atmakaraka are stronger in increasing order. [In my humble opinion 2.3.11 is not a new rule but an addition in last one which says if both lord (of two comparing signs) are exalted then the one with highest Chara Karakattwa will win due to use of the word विशेषात – where विशेष means special. meaning between two exalted planets one in highest degrees is stronger than the latter one]
2.3.12 – प्रतिवेशिकः पुरुषे – [प्रतिवेशिक means being situated in opposite oddity] An odd sign whose lord is in even sign is stronger than an odd sign whose lord is in odd sign. An even sign whose lord is in odd sign is stronger than an even sign whose lord is in another even sign.
2.3.13 – इति प्रथमः – [इति- ends प्रथमः-first] Here ends the first source of strength.
Second Source of Strength
2.3.14 – स्वामि गुरुज्ञदृगयोगो द्वितीयः – [स्वामि-lord गुरु-Jupiter दृग-aspect योगो-occupation द्वितीयः-second] Aspect or occupation of Sign’s lord, Mercury and/or Jupiter gives second source of strength.
Third Source of Strength
2.3.15 – स्वामिनस्तृतीयः – Third strength from lord of sign to be known is now explained [this shloka seems out of context – with the translation accepted by me. but next shloka if one watch carefully can also be misinterpreted as being talked about Rashi. Hence sage makes it clear that next rule that I am going to tell/disclose is to be seen from lord only [of signs] and not from signs themselves.
2.3.16 – स्वात्स्वामिनः कंटकादिष्वपार दौर्बल्म् – [स्वात – it must mean Swakaraka but most have taken here Atmakaraka as Swakaraka that is also a valid interpretation स्वामिन्-lord कंटक – synonym for kendra आदि-etc स्वापार-after crossing that दौर्बल्यं-weak] It means Sign’s whose lord’s are placed in Kendra [1-4-7-10] to Atmakaraka is strong. Sign’s whose lords are in Panaphara [2-5-8-11] to Atmakaraka is weak and Sign’s whose lord are in Aapokilma [3-6-9-12] from Atmakaraka are weakest.
Fourth Source of Strength
2.3.17 – चतुर्तथः पुरुषे – [चतुर्थ्-four पुरुषे-male] Fourth source of strength lies in odd signs [Odd signs are said Male sign and Even signs are said female signs in Astrological Terminology] that means even if after implying all these strength rules strength be same then take Male/Odd sign to be stronger
Application of rules
In my humble opinion the reason behind categorising them in four different sources is due to their separate usage for each and every case/condition.
First category of strength is generally applicable everywhere unless mentioned, This is the basic strength that must be used to decide stronger between two signs at all places. Like in a dasa named Atmakaraka Kendradi Graha Dasa primarily Third Source of Strength must be used to decide stronger. Hence application of these four categories of strength must be used as instructed. [we will see them in coming articles]
Sometimes one may need to skip few rules to decide stronger. Let we see an example.
1. Decide Strongest Rashi in whole chart? – Aquarius because it contains three planets whereas rest contains only single planets.
2. Judge stronger between Lagna and 7th house? – Lagna with three planets.
3. Stronger between 5th and 9th house? – Both having equal number of planets but due to Saturn being in exaltation Libra is stronger (9th house)
4. Stronger between Capricorn and Pisces? -Both having planet, Their numbers are also same (both signs contain 1-1 planets each) their dignity is again same (both are exalted) but Pisces is stronger due to it being Dual sign
5. Decide stronger between Virgo and Sagittarius – Both signs are empty [first three rules doesn’t gave any result] both are dual sign [fourth rule also gave no result] lord of both houses are not in exaltation or own house [Except Moon all planets gets their Mool-Trikona only in their own houses. Hence rule five also is unable to decide stronger] Because their lords are not in dignity [I am leaving Mercury’s Vargottam here that must be taken akin to exaltation] Rule 6 is non applicable. Virgo is a female sign whose lord is in male sign whereas Sagittarius is a male sign whose lord is in male sign hence Rule 7 decides Virgo 8th house as stronger. 8th being house of Kundalini and spiritual transformation and 11th being house of gains and fulfilment of desire. One can see Thakur even after becoming priest of Dakshineshwar Mandir was only concentrated upon spirituality and never on money.
Like this one can decide stronger Rashi between two [or more] signs under consideration.
Strength given in Adhyaya 3 Pada 3
Shriman Irangnati Rangacharya says Chapter 3 and 4 of Jaimini Sutras are much adulterated and haven’t translated them. It looks like that too [at some places] like this one where sage again gives some parameters for strength. When and how they are to be used is a controversial topic as Shri Sanjay Rath translated them as “Strength to kill” whereas Shri P.S.Shastri and Dr Suresh Chandra Mishra translates them normally. There are also difference in shloka number between Sanjay Ji’s Translation and rest two [rest two have same number of shlokas] As the chapter deals with Death matters Shri Sanjay’s interpretation looks correct. But difference is shloka number and some addition of shlokas adds to confusion. That we will discuss in another article on the series with examples.